VANCOUVER

January, 1915

WINNIPEG

TWELFTH YEAR

J A N U A RY— Toronto— 1 91 5

NUMBER ONE

Kiln

Drying Lumber

Our latest booklet goes very thoroughly into this subject. If at all interested you should have a copy for reference.

Write us and we will gladly forward a copy.

North Coast Dry Kiln Co.

Seattle, U. S. A.

Electric-Welded Boom Chain

All styles

25% { Weld

Made in

Canada

All sizes

= 25% {

More Strength

25% {

More Wear

Sold by Jobbers

Size

" Dreadnought " Steel Loading Chain

Proof Test

Links Foot

16

14

13

12

Weight 100 Feet

60 lbs.

80 lbs.

90 lbs.

110 lbs.

2200 lbs. 2500 lbs. 3500 lbs. 4500 lbs.

Breaking Strength

4500 lbs.

5000 lbs.

7000 lbs.

9000 lbs.

Guaranteed to pull stiff before breaking and not to break at weld.

McKinnon Chain Company

St. Catharines, Ont.

RUBBER GOODS

FOR LUMBERMEN

Rf*l finer Our l°ng experience in the making of Rubber Belts enables us to specialize Pglilllg Qn thJs Hne> «MonarCnt" "Red Strip" and "Lion" are our leading brands for power transmission. (Write for Booklet B-i.)

Packing's "Redstone" High Pressure Sheet Packing has proved by test that it o will outlast any other similar packing on the market. We make Spiral and Ring Packings, etc., that are equally reliable. (Booklet P-i.)

Hose f°r Steam> Water, etc., etc., in various grades, made especially to give satis- factory and economical service under different conditions. (Booklet H-i.)

^Pir#* Hose ^ne or more °f our twenty brands of Fire Hose will be found, not only in the best equipped Factories, Mills, etc., but in almost every Fire Department in the Dominion. (Booklet H-i.)

Gutta Percha & Rubber, Limited

TORONTO MONTREAL WINNIPEG REGINA SASKATOON CALGARY EDMONTON VANCOUVER

Index to Advertisements Page 31

WESTERN LUMBERMAN

A Good Belt For Wet Runs

Thoroughly Waterproof Oak Tanned

AMFHI

Made in Canada

Leather Belting

Despite the many substitutes offered, leather belting is still the most efficient medium of power transmission and likely to remain so indefinitely.

To drive your machines that are producing "Made in Canada" articles you should use "Amphibia," "Made in Canada" belting.

"Amphibia" belting is made from the best hides selected for their suitability for belting. They are given a special waterproofing tannage in our own tannery under intelligent supervision.

"Amphibia" belting resists exposure to oil, water or heat generated by pulley friction.

When ordering "Amphibia" belting state where the belt is to run.

Write us for prices.

Tanners and Manufacturers

MONTREAL TORONTO ST. JOHN, N. B. WINNIPEG VANCOUVER

511 William St. 38 Wellington St. E 89 Prince William St. Gait Building 27 Columbia Ave.

WESTERN LUMBERMAN

3

She vlin-Clarke Company

Fort Francis, Ontario

Limited

LUMBER

and

LATH

MANUFACTURERS

Sales Office :

417 Union Bank Bldg.

Winnipeg, Manitoba

Garlock Palmyra Red Sheet Packing

Some men say they want so much "Sheet Packing. " Others more particular specify " Garlock " and insist on "Palmyra Brand" Style 22

MONTREAL TORONTO

Style 22 is made of the highest grade rubber compounded in such a way as to give it great strength and reliability.

WINNIPEG CALGARY

THE GARLOCK PACKING COMPANY

HAMILTON, ONT. Pioneers in the Packing Business and Specialists

WESTERN LUMBERMAN

Victoria Lumber & Mfg. Co.

Limited

Chemainus, British Columbia

Fir and Cedar Products Long Timbers Deep Joists

Perfect Manufacture Uniform Grades Prompt Shipment

MAIL OR WIRE ORDERS RECEIVE OUR BEST ATTENTION

"MAPLE LEAF"

SHINGLE SAWS

"THE PROVEN BEST"

Filers agree that our saws do not break or crumple when swaging, and will hold a cutting edge for an exceptionally long time.

SAW REPAIR WORK

We have added a number of new machines to our already strong equipment and can therefore handle any class of repair work with

accuracy and promptness.

Before ordering any SA WS or having REPAIR WORK done, write us.

SHURLY-DIETRICH CO., LIMITED

GALT, ONT. VANCOUVER, B.C., 1642 Pandora St.

WESTERN LUMBERMAN

5

CO

CO

TANKS

MADE BY RELIABLE B. C. WORKMEN

Not a Matter of Sentiment— We Want Your Business on Price and Quality Only.

CO

era CO

mm

IRONWORKS

CO

TRADE MARK REG'T.

SAVE-THE-HORSE

Throughout the whole world it has stood up and "made good" Under Every Test.

ONE BOTTLE CURES TWO CURBS

Mr. Armour Thompson, Box No. 36, Elmvale, Ont., writes: Troy Chemi- cal Company, Toronto. Concerning Save-The-Horse. It cured two curbs instead of only one as guaranteed. Enclosed check for another bottle. Send instructions for windpuff.

FROM ENGLAND

Mr. W. H. Saunders, Place Farm, Doddinghurst, Essex, England, 16th July, 1914, writing to our branch, the Troy Chemical Company, Manesty's Lane, Liverpool, says : My mare, lame with spavin, is in- deed saved. I wish I had sent for it sooner instead of the Vet. I used half the bottle. She has no sign of limp, travels her old pace and is full of play.

"It's the Most Powerful Medicine I ever

FREE

CONFIDENCE FOLLOWS FAST

Orson F. Anderson, Cardston, Alta., Canada, writes: Troy Chemical Com- pany, Toronto, Ont. Last spring 1 had the Cardston Drug Company or- der a bottle of Save-The-Horse. I used it on a mare which had bog spavins oh both hind legs and com- pletely cured them. The medicine proved all that you claim

used,"

A LESSON FROM EXPERIENCE.

J. A. Jones, Southampton, Mass., writes : "Send bottle of Save- tlie Horse. Just counting up the different horses Nine before this and on all it did the trick. I think it the best remedy on earth."

OUR Latest Save-The-Horse Book Is our 18 Years' Experience and Discoveries Treating horses for Ringbone Thoropin Spavin— and All Shoulder, Knee, Ankle, Hoof and Tendon Trouble— It is a Mind Settler— Tells How to Test for Spavin— What To Do for a Lame Horse It Covers 58 Forms of Lameness Illus- trated

WE Originated the Plan of Treating Horses Under Siened Con- tract to Return Money if Remedy Fails. Write describing your case, and we will send our Book Sample Contract and Ad- vice— All Free to (Horse Owners and Managers). Address TROY CHEMICAL CO., van Home St.. Toronto, ont.

Draggists everywhere sell Save-The-Horse with contract, or sent by us Express Prepaid.

Hoffman Bros. Co. ®-

Established 1867; Incorporated 1S04— Nuff said

804 West Main St., FORT WAYNE, INDIANA

-Manufacturers of-

VENEERS and LUMBER

IN THE DOMESTIC HARDWOODS

ANY THICKNESS,

1/24 and 1/30 Slice Cut- (Dried flat with Smith Roller Drier.) 1/20 and thicker Sawed Veneers, Band Sawn Lumber

/£7N -SPECIALTY- /^N

QB) INDIANA QUARTERED OAK (ffi)

^*m^S Our monthly stock list is a stock list, blotter, calendar combined. Tell us ti u s. tmt. oft who is i eading it now, and we will gladly mail it to you monthly a.s. u s. p.i o#

Are your horses of use to you ?

This seems an absurd question and the answer is always " Of course they are " in which case provide your stables with

Johnson's Reliable Veterinary Remedies

Johnson's Horse Liniment, No. 1 (Alcoholic)

1 gal. jugs (Imperial) $-1.50 gal.

1 pint bottles 8.0)iloz.

2 pint bottles 1£.0 ( doz.

Johnson's Horse Liniment, No. 2 (an oil liniment)

1 gal. jugs (Imperial) 3.00 gal.

1 pint bottles 8.00 doz.

2 pint bottles 11.00 doz.

Johnson's Horse Colic Remedy

A sure and speedy cure for all kinds of Colic 1 gal. jugs (Imperial) 40 doses 5.0u gal.

1 pint bottles (4 doses each) 8.00 doz.

2 pint bottles (8 doses each) 15.00 doz.

Johnson's Veterinary Healing Ointment (Gall Cure)

2 lb. tins 2.25 per. tin

4 oz. tins 3.50 doz.

Johnson's Condition Powders (Concentrated)

Bulk .301b.

Johnson's Camp and Household Remedies, such

as Cough Syrup, Healing Ointment, Headache Powders, Big 4 Liniment, Stomach Hitters, Cathar- tic Pills, etc., etc., have stood the test of twenty- five years and are in use all over Canada, from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Prices are lower than those of all other manufacturers. Letter orders receive prompt attention.

The above preparations are the best and most economical on the Canadian Market

A. H. Johnson,

Wholesale _ . _ ,

Druggist, Colhngwood, Ont.

V. HYDE BAKER, President.

C. BURGESS, Sec.-Treas.

C. D. McNAB, Manager

High-Grade Pine

Fir and Larch, Lumber Lath and Mouldings

We ask Prairie Buyers to remember us when placing orders for Summer needs. We have the goods, and can guarantee the quality every time. "Satisfaction is our Motto."

Our Products are Extra Well Manufactured. You will find the Grades just to your liking.

Send on your orders we promise prompt delivery. Can ship by C. P. R. and G-. N. R. Car numbers sent day following receipt of order.

THE BAKER LUMBER COMPANY, LIMITED

P. O. Address, WALDO, B. C.

Telegraphic Address, RAYNES, B. C.

6

WESTERN LUMBERMAN

Established

DIMOND SPECIAL

1904

STEEL

TRADE MARK

For LOGGING CAMPS and SAW MILLS

We can furnish testimonials from leading lumber firms who have adopted the use oj our steel exclusively.

NEUMEYER & DIMOND, 82 Beaver Street, NEW YORK

"Algoma" Steel Camp Range

This is a specially constructed steel range for use in construction, mining and lumber camps where a heavy-duty range at a moderate price is required.

Made in three sizes 16-in., 25-in. and 35-in. ovens. Built with great strength throughout. Cooking top is made in extra heavy sections with ample provision for expansion. The "Algoma" will burn wood or coal. Firebox will take wood 37 inches l<">ng and is fitted with heavy cast iron linings.

Each size can be supplied with IS gallon copper reservoir if desired, either mounted on top of back end or flush with top at fire box end. For heating large quantities of water, we furnish a pipe coil to go in front of fire box and a 30 gallon galvanized iron open tank with cover when required.

Write our nearest branch for illustrated circular. We manufacture a full line of

camp equipment.

McClaiy,s

j[VJ(J(J^ ifX C^dflOCf 0 London Toronto Montreal Winnipeg

St. John, N.B. Hamilton Calgary Edmonton

Vancouver Saskatoon

YOU WANT THE BEST?

"Genuine Oak"

BELTING

WE SUPPLY IT!

More Solid Leather to the Square Foot than any other Belt Made

D. K. McLaren, Limited

Montreal - - - 351 St. James Street

Vancouver - - - 847 Beatty Street

Toronto - - - 200 King St. West

St. John, N.B. - - 64 Prince William Street

Engineers' Supply Co., 123 Bannatyne Avenue East, Winnipeg, Man.

We cm ihip tu C.P.Ry.. C.N Ry., G.N.Ry. and B C.E.Ry. In specially uood »hape to fill orders promptly up to capacity.

Abbotsf ord Timber & Trading Co., Limited

MANUFACTURERS OF ALL KINDS OF

FIR LUMBER

We can Supply Limited Quantities of CEDAR

We make a specialty of Timbers and Large Joists, also all kinds of Flooring, Ceiling, Siding, Finish, Mouldings, etc. Write us NOW.

Mills at ABBOTSFORD, B.C.

WESTERN LUMBERMAN

7

We are looking toward the dawn of prosperity for Western Canada Lumber- men. You need SIMONDS Saws, Planer Knives, and Files all the time be- cause they are the most economical producers. In stock at each office.

SIMONDS CANADA SAW CO., Limited, Vancouver, Montreal, St. John

The Famous Hoe Chisel Tooth Saws

Improved Pacific Coast Pattern

ORIGINAL : PRACTICAL

The special claims we make in favor of the Hoe "Chisel Tooth Saw" are based on the testimony of lumbermen who have been operating Hoe Saws for a number of years.

The Hoe Inserted Tooth Saw can be operated at a lower cost and with more satisfactory results than solid tooth saws, —will cut the largest logs or edge the smallest boards, will eat through frozen timber where other saws fail to cut.

This is a proposition of great interest to all lumbermen. Write us now for catalogue and prices.

R. HOE & COMPANY - New York

Agents:— Shurly-Dietrich Co., Limited, Vancouver, B.C.

J. D. McBride, Cranbrook, B. C.

The Waterous Engine Works Co., Limited, Winnipeg, Man.

s

WESTERN LUMBERMAN

Maximum feed through the

heaviest cuts

with the

DISSTON

Chisel Tooth Saw

The largfe throat-room secured in the Disston design insures easy running. Choking down is practically impossible even under the heaviest feeds insuring the greatest possible output per horse-power applied.

The extra large chambering capacity in the Disston chisel tooth saws in connection with perfect side-clearance, highest grade material and workmanship adapts these saws to the manufacture of lumber from the log in any class of wood.

Write today for full information and our new book "Saw Appreciation".

Henry Disston & Sons, Inc.

Keystone Saw, Tool, Steel and File Works Philadelphia, U. S. A.

Reg. U. S. Pat. Off.

FRANK DARLING & CO.

1142-1144 Homer St., Vancouver, B.C.

CAPITAL BRAND

CAPITAL.

QUALITY KNIVES

CAPITAL.

"High Speed "

Planer Knives

Thin Machine Knives and Self Hard Knife Steel

"ULTRA CAPITAL"

High Speed Steel for Lathe and Turning Tools, Etc.

Manufactured by

"CAPITAL BRAND"

Chipper, Barker and Hog Knives for Pulp Mills

The Eagle & Globe Steel Co.,

Sheffield, England

Ltd.

WESTERN LUMBERMAN

9

Attention! Mr. Retail Lumberman

Are you uncertain where to place your sorting up orders for satisfac- tory results?

Do you know our reputation for uniform goods, prompt shipments and ability to handle mixed car orders ?

You can rely on us absolutely.

Cedar Spruce

Fir Pine

Adams-River Lumber Co., Ltd.

Chase, B.C.

H. S. Galbraith Co., Ltd.

603 Mclntyre Block, Winnipeg, Man.

Everything

in Lumber

Write, wire or phone us. We can get it for you. The Best Grades QUICK SHIPMENTS and LOW- EST MARKET PRICES.

OAK FLOORING MAPLE FLOORING

We Specialize in Coast Lumber We Sell to Dealers Only

Exclusive Sales Agents:

B. C. Mills Timber and Trading Co., Vancouver, B.C. Send your orders to

H. S. Galbraith Co., Limited

Box 161, WINNIPEG, Man.

Here's the strongest claim ever made for any Packing !

J-M Permanite Sheet Packing will surpass in every quality any other packing used on any joint, operating under any condition, pressure or tem- perature. The Johns-Manville Co. a $5,000,000 concern, which has never broken a promise nor shirked an honorable obligation during the fifty-five years it has manufactured packing, stands ready to prove this to you.

This means no more leaks no more blow-outs no more troublesome follow-ups when you use

I M

PERMANITE SHEET PACKING

Made of long Asbestos fibre felted together and treated with our special heat-resisting compounds. Cannot char, blow out, squeeze out or deteriorate in any way. Saves time and labor for the engineer and money for the company.

J-M Permanite is the most economica) packing on the market because it is extremely light in weight, therefore more surface per pound; because it can be used in thinner sheets than other packings; and because it never deteriorates with age.

Write nearest branch, stating size of sheet desired and also ask for Catalog No. 114.

THE CANADIAN H. W. JOHNS-MANVILLE CO., LIMITED

TORONTO

MONTREAL

WINNIPEG

VANCOUVER

2209

We are the Sole Owners of

and are prepared to manufacture at our Factory in Hamilton, Ont. and to supply the Canadian trade with any of the devices covered by the following patents of the Dominion of Canada.

CANADIAN PATENTS

No. 79,896 Mar. 24, 1903 Improvement in babbitting devices.

No. 107,380 Sept. 10, 1907 Cutter Head Knife Sharpener.

No. 108,490 Nov. 12, 1907 Band Saw Tensioning device.

No. 109,194 Dec. 17, 1907 Adjusting Means for Planer Heads.

No. 109,845 Tan. 21, 1908 Adjusting Means for Planer Heads.

No. 110,216 Feb. 11, 1908 Variable Speed Mechanism.

No. 110,217 Feb. 11, 1908 Variable Speed Devices

No. 113,311 Aug. 4, 1908 Driving Mechanism for Planers.

No. 113,478 Aug. 11, 1908 Sanding Machines.

No. 115,919 Jan. 5, 1909 Knife Holder for Cutter Heads.

No. 117,080 Mar. 9, 1909 Multiple Board Guages.

No. 120,467 Sept. 14, 1909 Multiple Guages.

No. 120,46S Sept. 14, 1909 Locking Mechanism for Guaging Devices.

No. 120,610 Sept. 21, 1909 Feeding Mechanism for Saws.

No. 121,235 Oct. 12, 1909 Feed and Adjusting Mechanism for Saws.

No. 121,236 Oct. 12, 1909 Adjusting Means for Saws.

No. 122,023 Nov. 23, 1909 Adjusting and Grinding Planer Knives.

No. 122,172 Nov. 30, 1909 Feed Rolls for Planers.

No. 122,341 Dec. 7, 1909 Holding Device for Planer Head Bits.

No. 123,041 Tan. 4, 1910 Cutter Heads for Grooving Machines.

No. 123,239 Jan. 18, 1910 Fastening Means for Planer Knives, etc.

No. 127,643 Aug. 23, 1910 Bearings.

No. 128,664 Oct. 18, 1910 Holding Devices for Planer Heads.

No. 128,665 Oct. 18. 1910 Grinding and Tointkig Devices for Planers.

No. 128,797 Oct. 25, 1910 Planer Heads.

No. 128,918 Nov. 1, 1910 Sawmill Carriages.

No. 129,089 Nov. 8, 1910 Double Acting Set Works.

No. 129,200 Nov. 15, 1910 Abrading Cylinders.

No. 129,343 Nov. 22, 1910 Planer Knife Sharpeners.

No. 129,489 Nov. 29, 1910 Improvements in Lathes or Turning Machines.

No. 135,863 Sept. 26. 1911 Cutter Heads for Edgers.

No. 137,636 Jan. 2, 1912 Spiral Indicator.

No. 138,258 Feb. 6, 1912 End Thrust Bearings.

No. 139,018 Mar. 12, 1912 Planer Knife Holding Devices.

No. 139,019 Mar. 12, 1912 Matching Planer Heads.

No. 139,020 Mar. 12, 1912 Expansion Cutter Heads.

No. 139,021 Mar. 12, 1912 Clamping Devices for Woodworking Machines.

No. 139,310 Mar. 26, 1912 Matching Planer Heads.

No. 139,311 Mar. 26, 1912 Tensioning Device for Feed Rolls.

No. 140,031 Apr. 30, 1912 Steady Rest for Wood Turning Machines.

No. 140,514 May 21, 1912 Straight Opening Drums.

No. 144,261 Nov. 26, 1912 Profile Cutter Heads

No. 144,579 Dec. 10, 1912 Adjustable Guides.

No. 148,441 June 10, 1913 Chipbreaker for Planers.

No. 148,936 Tuly 1, 1913 Adjusting Devices.

No. 148,937 July 1, 1913 Board Cleaners.

Berlin Machine Works, Limited

Hamilton, Canada

IO

WESTERN LUMBERMAN

D. B. CAMPBELL

Designer and Builder of Up-to-date

Saw Mills Shingle Mills and Planing Mills

Existing Plants Modernized. Satisfaction Guaranteed.

Room 26 Williams Building, VANCOUVER 413 Granville Street. B. C.

HEAVY FIR DIMENSION

Is Our Particular Specialty

The Heavier it is the Better we like it

We Dress from 1 to 4 Sides up to 16 in. x 20-in., 60 ft.

Our grade is positively right, and prices will please

Timberland Lumber Co., Ltd.

Head Office, Westminster Trust Bldg., NEW WESTMINSTER, B.C.

Shipment by C. P. R. R., G. N. R. R. or B. C. E .R. R.

The

British Columbia Mills Timber & Trading Co.

Vancouver, B. C.

Try the Soft Yellow Fir Lumber from our Hastings Sawmill Branch

Established 1865 THE OLD RELIABLE COAST MILL

Exclusive Sales Agent : H. S. Galbraith Co., Limited

603 Mclntyre Block, P. O. Box 161, Winnipeg

The

British Columbia Mills Timber & Trading Co.

Port Moody Shingle Co.

Manufacturers

of . B.C. RED CEDAR SHINGLES

OCA*' St„

' B.C. \

o X X X X X

RED CEDAR SHINGLES

PORT MOODY Ml

We've been cutting good Shingles for many years

Milk at Port Moody B.C.

J. H. McLean, Proprietor P.O. Box 6

NICOLA VALLEY SOFT PINE

is well and favorably known to dealers and manufacturers in both

Canada and the United States

our specialty pine shelving and Pine Shop

or anything else you may need in Pine

Nicola Valley Pine Lumber Company

Mills at Canford, B. C. Telegraph, Merritt, B.C.

WESTERN LUMBERMAN

Sell Quickly

Because they Have Superior

Service-Giving Qualities

"GOODHUE BELTS" have been on the market for years and the demand is con- tinually growing. This combined with the scores of repeat orders that we are constantly receiving is sufficient reason why the dealer should handle the "GOODHUE" and reap the "GOODHUE" profits they are certain to appeal to him.

"GOODHUE BELTING" IS GUARANTEED to stretch from 15 to 25% less than any other belt manufactured This means a wonderful saving to every user both in time in tightening and loss through shutdowns.

"GOODHUE BELTING" is noted for its reliable ucling" on the pulley— a cling that transmits every particle of power an engine can develop.

We welcome comparison with other brands. Our brands are " EXTRA,' "STANDARD" and "ACME" Waterproof Belts which are made to suit the varying conditions of use, all being absolutely guaranteed to give the highest class service.

Get our proposition and prices NOW.

J. L Goodhue & Co., Ltd.

Danville, Que.

Sole British Columbia Representatives:

Fleck Brothers, Limited 1142 Homer Street, Vancouver, B.C.

12

WESTERN LUMBERMAN

MIXED CARS ARE MOVING

If all Retailers realized how well equipped we are to handle such orders and how attractive are our prices we would get most of the business.

When in need of a quantity of

Fir and Cedar Lumber, Shingles, Lath, Mouldings Cedar, Fir and Hemlock Shiplap, Timbers any Lengths

Remember that our Prices are the Lowest, our Quality the Best.

SMITH SHANNON LUMBER COMPANY, &S5£Kc

Vancouver

IRON, STEEL AND BRASS

CASTINGS

Engineering Works,

LOGGING ENGINES,

BOILERS,

SAWMILL REPAIRS

Limited

5 1 9-695 Sixth Avenue W. VANCOUVER, B. C.

TELEPHONE FAIRMONT 240

Pink's Lumbering Tools

The Standard Tools

A4ents for Brazel Patent Snow Plow Manufactured by Bateman-Wilkinson Co. Ltd. Toronto

Finest Quality Split Maple Cant Hook and Peavey Handles

Carload or dozen

Boom Chains Pike Poles Skidding- Tongues Boat Winches, etc.

S^od for Catalogue and Price Lilt

Sold throughout the Dominion by all Wholesale and Retail Hardware Merchants

ThoS. Pink Co., Limited, Pembroke, Out.

WESTERN LUMBERMAN

'3

MIXED CARS

DOORS LUMBER SHINGLES MOULDINGS

STRAIGHT CARS

Mills at:- RUSKIN and VANCOUVER, B. C.

VANCOUVER, B. C.

FIR, CEDAR AND WESTERN HEMLOCK

E. H. HEAPS & CO

Limited

Head Office:— 445 Hastings St. W. VANCOUVER, B.C.

R. J. THURSTON

AIRD FLAVELLE

Thurston -Flavelle Lumber Company

Manufacturers

High Grade Cedar Products, including Lumber, Lath, Shingles, etc.

We are also prepared to quote on full or mixed cars FIR and CEDAR in any quantity

Two of Our Specials:

Clear "A" Bevel Siding Extra XXX Red Cedar Shingles

Office and Mills at:

PORT MOODY, BRITISH COLUMBIA

»4

WESTERN LUMBERMAN

28 "Service" Branches Throughout Canada

Canadian Consolidated Rubber Co., Limited

Montreal, P. Q.

Dominion

A New Year's Resolution

For You

"RESOLVED that, during 1915 and thereafter I will give preference, in my purchases of rubber goods and all other material, to such as are made in Canada. 93

So far as rubber goods are concerned, you run no risk in making this patriotic resolution, as we manufacture a com- plete line and the price, quality and style are right.

When in the market for tires, hose, belting, packing etc., let us show you what we can do.

It is our desire to serve you.

MiNiQN

Rubber srsTt^

Canadian Consolidated Rubber Co., Limited

Montreal, P. Q.

28 "Service" Branches Throughout Canada

WESTERN LUMBERMAN

»5

Western lumberman

w Representing fhe Lumbering and Woodworking interests of

British Columbia. Alberta. Saskatchewan and Manitoba THE HUGH C. MACLEAN CO., LIMITED, Publishers

Hugh C. MacLean - - - - President 302 Travellers' Building, - - WINNIPEG, CANADA

Vancouver, B. C.

J. V. McNauxty, Editor and Asst. Man. 80 Hutchinson Block Phone Seymour 2013

Winnipeg, Man.

J. R. Davidson, Associate Editor 302 Travellers Bldg. Phone Garry 856

Address all Communications, and make Cheques, Drafts, P. O. and Express Orders payable to The Hugh C. MacLean Co. Limited, WINNIPEG

Advertisements, to insure insertion in the issue of any month, should reach Winnipeg Office not later than the 20th of the month preceding.

BRANCH OFFICES:

TORONTO— 349 Adelaide St. West Phone A. 2700.

CHICAGO— 1155 Peoples Gas Bldg.

MONTREAL 119 Board of Trade Bldg. Phone M. 2299.

LONDON, ENG.— 3 Regent St., S.W

Subscription : Two Dollars Per Year in Advance

The Quest for Larger Markets

The Provincial Government, Van- couver and Victoria Boards of Trade, the Coast and Mountain Lumbermen's Associations, and the heads of our ex- porting companies, are displaying much activity in doing everything possible to strengthen the hands of Hon. Geo. E. Foster, Dominion Minister of Trade and Commerce, in his efforts to secure a reciprocity agreement with the Commonwealth of Australia a consummation which would be welcomed with exceeding joy by the men engaged in the British Columbia lumber industry, who have long regarded that country as a natural market in which their product is already known and appreciated, but which they have failed to develop of late years, the Imperial bond being lost sight of temporarily. There is every reason for believing the people of Australia would prefer to purchase British Columbia products, other things being equal, and with a slight preference granted by the Dominion and Commonwealth governments on certain commodities it is looked upon as certain that a large trade would spring up between the two British dominions, in which lumber shipments from this province would figure largely.

In connection with this important question R. H. Alexander, the veteran Vancouver lumberman, on December 3rd headed a deputa- tion representing the lumber interests of the province which made the trip to Victoria to wait upon Premier McBride and bespeak the hearty co-operation of his government in the effort to effect the reciprocal agreement. Sir Richard was able to inform the deputation that while at Ottawa a short time ago he had earnestly championed their cause with the Minister of Trade and Commerce, who stated that the Ottawa government is now in frequent touch with the government of the Commonwealth relative to the scope of the proposed agreement.

Equally satisfactory to our readers will be the news that a special committee named by Vancouver Board of Trade held an interview with the provincial executive on December 16th and again urged the desirability of the government appointing a special trade repre- sentative at South America and other countries for the purpose of ex- panding provincial business. This is a matter in which various mem- bers of the government and the officials of .the Forestry Department are evincing deep interest, and there is every likelihood that favorable action will follow.

Perhaps the most cheering augury of the success of the efforts to promote better trade relations with our Antipodean cousins is af- forded in the recent visit paid Victoria and Vancouver by Mr. Neil Neilsen, Australian Commissioner to the Panama Exposition, and resi- dent Trade Commissioner for New South Wales at San Francisco. Mr. Neilsen conferred with Premier McBride and Hon. J. W. Bowser, the members of Victoria and Vancouver Boards of Trade, and promi- nent lumbermen, and also made it a point to inspect several of our leading export mills to secure data concerning their facilities for the cargo trade. That our visitor recognizes the anomalous position of our exporters in being dependent upon San Francisco lumber brokers for business, as pointed out in the last issue of the Western Lumber- man, is made plain in the following excerpt from an excellent article in the Victoria Colonist:

"In an interview Mr. Neilsen touched upon a point of extreme

importance when he spoke of the nature of the channel in which the lumber trade of Australia has been running. This is a phase of the question with which the Board of Trade committees have dealt, and, while it is not likely to prove a barrier to the development of business along the lines we all desire to see it expand, there is not the least use in saying that the problem it presents is one that must be disposed of. Very little if any lumber has been handled from British Columbia by local brokers, and it is clear that if we are to have the trade of Australia in this line, we must endeavor to adapt our methods to the demands of the business, and not to force the business to conform itself to our methods.

"On the broader question of reciprocity the tone of Mr. Neilsen's remarks is highly gratifying, and it is pleasing to be able to record that the outlook for successful negotiations is very bright, but we need not lay the flattering unction to our souls that our competitors in the Australian markets are going to let us have our own way. If we are going to win in the campaign for reciprocity with the Com- monwealth, we must be prepared to give as well as take. The field is open ; the disposition of our Australian friends now in power is very favorable ; but there is a good deal of work yet to be done before we achieve success."

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Getting Down to the Tap Roots

Every lumberman in Western Canada nay, every citizen should read and ponder the magnificent address deliver- ed by Chief Forester H. R. MacMillan, of British Columbia, at the annual convention of the Western For- estry and Conservation Association, held at Tacoma recently. In his address, which appears in another part of this issue, Mr. MacMil- lan deals with the lumber future of the Pacific Northwest in a man- ner that clinches the attention and inspires the thought, "Here is a man who is thoroughly master of his subject and knows what he is talking about."

Mr. MacMillan treats of his subject on broad lines and in a style that is most convincing. The tremendous importance of the lumber industry to the business life of every community is clearly set forth, and in language no less succinct, and pointed the disabilities under which the industry on both sides of the line is laboring are brought into view.

British Columbia lumbermen in particular will be gratified by the Chief Forester's frank admission that sooner or later the question of price regulation will have to be dealt with if those engaged in the industry are not to be periodically threatened with actual or partial ruin, with all the disturbing consequences to allied industries therein implied. The Chief Forester lays hold of the tap roots of the present and past depressions in the Pacific Northwest and British Columbia when he states that "A more important feature which the public will sooner or later consider in its relationship with the timber industry is price regulation," and again, "Every argument that supports the government regulation of railroad rates applies with equal force to a similar regulation of lumber prices. It is certain that with public regulation of lumber prices the public would not suffer as it suffers now through unrestrained competition."

The Lumber Depression- Its Cause and Remedy

In another part of this issue we pub- lish a number of letters in which well- known lumbermen and public officials give their impressions concerning the present status of the chief industry of the province, which furnishes one-third of the public revenue and is the chief source of general pros- perity in normal times owing to the huge sums invested in mills and timber, the great numbers of men constantly employed and the very high percentage of gross earnings that has to be paid out by the manufacturer for food, labor, machinery, mill and logging camp sup- plies, etc. When the lumber industry is depressed which happens quite frequently all other lines of business in the province are at once affected adversely. With the hope of discovering a possible remedy for this frequent slump in the volume of business reaching our mills, the Western Lumberman invited expressions of opinion as to the probable causes of the trouble and what might prove a rem- edy or preventative.

It is true, of course, that the lumber industry is not immune to the effects of economic conditions of national scope which temporarily impair the purchasing powers of the people as a whole. Some there are who view the situation with rare philosophy and hold that with one-half the world at war it would be foolish to expect any activity in the lumber trade. To such as these the motto, "Business as Usual," does not appeal. The majority of the lumbermen, however, realize that their industry is being harder hit than any other, and that causes altogether apart from the war may have contributed to the present extreme dullness in the lumbering and allied industries. The state- ment has been made more than once by bankers and others in a posi- tion to gauge the future that disaster was bound to overtake the lum- bermen, war or no war, as a result of the selling methods being fol-

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WESTERN LUMBERMAN

lowed and the unlimited credit being extended under pressure of the fierce competition for orders. The prediction has been borne out by later events. This seeming prescience was not confined to those con- stantly on the ground we have before us a copy of a letter written almost two years ago to a British financial firm by an agent sent out to report upon certain British Columbia timber debentures, in which is the significant advice, "Sell at present values if possible am confident that a period of severe depression is about to overtake the lumber business, and it may be five years before it recovers fully." Unfortunately we are unable to state the reasons which inspired this truly remarkable forecast at a time when Western Canada was fairly prosperous and nearly every lumberman was a cheery optimist.

Mr. H. J- Maekin. sales manager, Canadian Western Lumber Company. Limited, our largest manufacturing concern, holds the view that the present stagnation is largely the result of general commercial conditions affecting the whole of the North American continent, in sympathy with trade disturbances elsewhere which have reacted with especial severity the lumber and building material industries. Mr. Maekin is very hopeful of the future, believing the heavy curtailment now being effected in the output of our mills, combined with the cautious policy being pursued by the prairie yard managers, will have the certain effect of placing the lumber industry on a much sounder basis than heretofore. The outlook for our export mills, he thinks, is also fairly bright, but the extent of the improvement will be largely dependent upon war conditions. In conclusion the writer expresses his conviction that the methods of manufacturing and marketing pur- sued by our millmen are in no way responsible for present conditions in the industry, which are due solely to the widespread money string- ency.

Mr. E. R. J. Forster, manager of the Sparwood Lumber Com- pany, Limited, in the interior, speaks for the lumbermen of that sec- tion of the province when he ascribes their troubles to the fact that the net prices received for their product have been too low to permit of a profit on the investments in plants and limits. Cutting a large percentage of low grade lumber, interior lumbermen have to meet the fierce competition of Coast and American mills manufacturing a high percentage of "uppers," which enables them to sluff off their com- mon grades at sacrifice prices. Mr. Forster finds particular fault with the system of marketing pursued by British Columbia millmen, hold- ing that their employment of commission salesmen places them at the mercy of the retailers, who take full advantage of the opportuni- ties for price-cutting. As a remedy for this he advises that the mills form a selling organization to handle their combined output forget- ful of the fact that the experience of Washington millmen who have tried out that method has been distinctly unsatisfactory. One selling agency covering a large number of mills recently went out of busi- ness, and a couple of others are said to be losing membership at a rapid rate. Of one thing Mr. Forster is certain the lumber business is now and for some years has been unprofitable, and as the cost of manufacturing cannot be further lowered the industry can be saved only by the institution of better selling methods.

Speaking for Vancouver wholesalers, Mr. Frank Foster, of the Mainland Lumber & Shingle Company, Limited, who for years was connected with the Southern pine industry, inclines to the view that periods of depression in the British Columbia industry have, not been more acute than have been experienced elsewhere. He points out that in 1907 he found Vancouver lumbermen well supplied with orders, and that in 1910-11, with all the mills in operation, their output was in- sufficient to supply the prairie demand, the result being seen in the importation of large quantities of lumber. Mr. Foster was not then on the ground or he would know that the action of the United States millmen had not the justification he ascribes. The B. C. mills were well able to supply a much larger demand than existed by operating two shifts, if required, but it so happened that the United States mills were then experiencing a slack demand in their home territory and eagerly availed themselves of the chance to market a large share of their output on this side of the line, at greatly reduced prices. The effect on the B. C. industry was most adverse, and the setback then received has contributed in no small degree to the unpreparedness of many of our millmen to face the conditions now existing. Mr. Foster admits that our millmen are laboring under disadvantages from a manufacturing standpoint, as compared with United States mills, one of the chief drawbacks being that our plants are not laid out to secure the same degree of economy in operation, while another is the lack of attention paid to the important question of daily profit or loss in the various departments, so that small leaks might be remedied before they become big ones. Contributing causes to the present depression have been the attempt to force sales in an already gorged market, and the granting of unrestricted credit to irresponsible buyers, who were thus enabled to become disturbing factors in the retail trade.

Mr J. O. Cameron, president of the Cameron Lumber Company, Limited, Victoria, furnishes a concise and accurate review of the history of the lumber industry since 1909. As warranting his con- clusions that the manufacturers have been at fault, first, in over-

stocking the market, and secondly, by failing to reach out for and develop new markets. During the four good years 1910 to 1912 our export mills, which had been enjoying an increasing trade, per- mitted it to slip away from them in order that they might share in the good rail business then offering, the natural consequence being that when the prairie trade slackened off they made the unpleasant discovery that their foreign customers had formed other connections in the interval. Better conditions are to be brought about in Mr. Cameron's opinion, by further curtailment of production, if desirable, and by striving diligently and unitedly to secure a steady foreign demand for our lumber. The manufacturers should get in direct touch with the foreign buyers, and if necessary should arrange to do their own chartering. s

Mr. W. A. Blair, secretary Vancouver Board of Trade, voices his sympathy with any effort to place the lumber business on a more permanent basis. The present state of the industry, in Mr. Blair's es- timation, is due in large measure to the failure of our millmen to estimate aright the value to them of a good foreign demand for their products.

The letter from Mr. S. F. Wright, publicity commissioner, Prince Rupert, may be taken as read.

The mistakes of our lumbermen, if any have been committed, belong to the category of initial blunders always associated with the early handling of pioneer enterprises. Lumbering in British Colum- bia presents problems which are not to be solved after the methods employed elsewhere, hence the failure to be guided by old rules. The present lesson is a trying one, but we have every confidence that the manufacturers of British Columbia will apply it in such a way that the ultimate result wiU be beneficial both to themselves and the in- dustry at large.

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Editorial Chips and Edgings

Conditions prevailing in the Washington lumber industry at pre- sent are analagous to those on this side of the line. The curtailment involves fifty per cent, of the capacity of the sawmills and 60 per cent, of the shingle output. The only difference is that in British Columbia fully eighty per cent, of the mills have been closed for months past.

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